The joint of the knee is made up of three main bones, though a fourth is sometimes lumped into the grouping: The thigh bone (femur), the knee cap (patella) and the shin bone (tibia). The other bone of the shin, the fibula, is sometimes included as part of the knee joint due to its proximity to the bones that make up the joint.
Cartilage known as articular cartilage covers the ends of the bones of the joints, enabling them to slide smoothly past one another and helping to absorb shock. In addition, two menisci sit between the femur and the tibia, helping to absorb shock, provide stability and to distribute weight from the femur to the tibia. These rubbery discs are often referred to as cartilage, when in reality they are special ligaments.
Knee Joint Pain Causes
As you can see, there is no shortage of knee joint structural elements that can be damaged or injured, causing knee joint pain. And these knee injuries can occur via a number of sources ranging from trauma to the knee to an athletic injury to a disorder.
But when one hears the term “knee joint pain,” arthritis often comes to mind. This is not surprising, considering that “arthritis” is a general medical term used to describe a chronic condition that causes damage to either one’s joints and cartilage. The most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis refers to damage to the joints due to wear and tear to the protective articular cartilage covering the bones of the joints. This occurs naturally over time, thus it is not surprising that it affects millions around the globe.
Besides joint pain (knee, hip, hands, neck, etc.), osteoarthritis symptoms typically include stiffness, tenderness, loss of flexibility, a grating sensation or noise and possibly the formation of bone spurs.
How to treat joint pain?
A joint pain that is perpetual is a chronic joint pain that needs immediate attention while a joint pain that has developed because of an injury is temporary. Diagnosis of the type of joint pain requires conduction of test like blood test, physical examination or X-rays, and other tests. Joint pains can be treated with herbal medicine. We at Hashmi Dawakhana at Home, aim to provide you the best of remedies at the comfort of your pleasant home!